It is when the veins found in the tissues of the anal opening enlarge that you suffer from hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids is associated with pain, bleeding or/and itching and in some cases, clots too may form on the hemorrhoid tissue where the bowel treats these clots as bowel movement, and tried to push them out of the body.
Though conventional treatments are sufficient to treat hemorrhoids, the extreme and serious cases require surgical treatment like banding hemorrhoids. It is always better to consult your doctor to find out if your hemorrhoids condition requires banding.
Basically, banding hemorrhoids is a procedure where the doctor places a tight band around the hemorrhoid to control its bleeding. Then the doctor will either remove the blood clot or let it fall off on its own.
The banding procedure for hemorrhoids
The banding procedure for hemorrhoids starts with the doctor deciding if you need or don’t need anesthesia. With an anesthesia, only parts of your body get numb so that you will not be able to feel the pain of the operation, while you are still awake. Then the doctor inserts an anoscope, which is a tube like instrument used for examining the lower rectum and anal canal, into the anus so that the affected hemorrhoids are exposed.
Then a tight band is put around the enlarged vein, after which the hemorrhoid is either cut open and the blood clot removed, or the vein is left to heal so that the hemorrhoid eventually dries up and falls off.
What to do after the procedure
After banding hemorrhoids, you have to take sitz baths, use stool softeners and also apply ointments to the area for faster healing. In addition to this, you have to avoid heavy lifting for 2-3 weeks. It is possible for you to return to work in a few days or weeks time, depending on the work you do. If it is related to lots of heavy lifting, it is better to take more rest.
It is possible for you to experience trouble while passing urine, and while controlling gas and bowel movements for a few days after banding hemorrhoids. The doctor will be able to advise on what to in such situations, and also when you have to return for a check up.
Benefits and risks of banding hemorrhoids
The benefits of banding hemorrhoids are that you are rid of the itching, pain and bleeding of hemorrhoids. However there are some risks associated with banding hemorrhoids like experiencing trouble while urinating and the chance of the hemorrhoids recurring even after the procedure.
Sometimes, the local anesthetic that is used for the banding procedure of hemorrhoids will not numb the area thoroughly, wherein you may feel minor discomfort. In some cases, you may also get an allergic reaction to the drug that is used as an anesthesia.
With banding hemorrhoids, you may find that the wound may scar, and also leave you with a smaller rectal opening. This in turn makes it difficult for you to have bowel movements. Moreover, there is a chance of the remaining hemorrhoids getting inflamed and of your running the risk of infection and bleeding at the banding site.
In some extreme cases, the band may slip off if insufficient tissue is banded. Though this is not dangerous, the purpose of banding is not served, and thus there is no benefit associated with the banding. In case the band does slip, the doctor usually repeats the procedure as soon as possible.